IELTS writing: Useful phrase - Explaining opinions, Using examples, Concluding

Explaining opinions

  • What this means is
  • In other words,
  • That is to say
  • To be more precise
  • In fact,
Explaining through examples and introducing evidence
  • For example,
  • For instance,
  • A good illustration of this is
  • If we take an example
  • Evidence for this is provided by
  • We can see this when
Explaining cause and stating effect
  • One reason for this is
  • The immediate cause of this
  • One of the causes of this is
  • This has resulted in
  • As a result,
  • This has led to

  • To summarise
  • In conclusion
  • On balance,
  • This is a complex issue with no clear answers
  • If we look at both sides of the argument


  1. Historically, English originated from the fusion of languages and dialects, now collectively termed Old English, which were brought to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic (Anglo-Saxon) settlers by the 5th century – with the word English being derived from the name of the Angles, and ultimately from their ancestral region of Angeln (in what is now Schleswig-Holstein).

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