IELTS vocabulary: IELTS task #1

IELTS vocabulary
A lot of words in English connected with families and relationships can also be used in a different context. Complete the sentences with a word from the box.
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  • adopt
  • conflict
  • family
  • nurture
  • related
  • relation
  • relationship
  • relative

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1. The wolf is a member of the dog ....
2. The company decided to ... a new approach to staff recruitment.
3. The study found a strong ... between a lack of friend and sibling rivalry.
4. Whether you think the price of goods is high is ... tho the amount of mouney you earn.
5. Studies have shown that stress in adulthood can be ... to an unhappy childhood.
6. Good teachers identify the talents of theair students and ... them.
7. This evidence seems to ... with the findings from previous studies.
8. I am writing in ... to the job advertisement in yesterday's paper.



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rivalry (rivalries) [mass noun] competition for the same objective or for superiority in the same field


lack [læk] 1) an insufficiency, shortage, or absence of something required or desired 2) something that is required but is absent or in short supply 3) (when , often foll by in or for) to be deficient (in) or have need (of)

evidence ['evədəns] 1. ev·i·dence the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid

adopt [ə'däpt] a·dopt [trans.] legally take another's child and bring it up as one's own there are many people eager to adopt a baby ■ take up or start to use or follow (an idea, method, or course of action) this approach has been adopted by many big banks ■ take on or assume (an attitude or position) he adopted a patronizing tone | adopt a slightly knees-bent position

conflict 1. con·flict ['känˌflikt] a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one the eternal conflict between the sexes | doctors often come into conflict with politicians ■ a prolonged armed struggle overseas conflicts ■ an incompatibility between two or more opinions, principles, or interests there was a conflict between his business and domestic life ■ Psychology a condition in which a person experiences a clash of opposing wishes or needs 2. con·flict [kən'flikt; 'känˌflikt] [intrans.] be incompatible or at variance; clash parents' and children's interests sometimes conflict | those tournament dates would have conflicted with Memorial Day | [as adj.] conflicting there are conflicting accounts of what occurred ■ [as adj.] conflicted having or showing confused and mutually inconsistent feelings my feelings are so conflicted that I hardly know how to answer

family [ˈfæmılı, ˈfæmlı] , -lies 1) a) a primary social group consisting of parents and their offspring, the principal function of which is provision for its members b) (as modifier) family quarrels a family unit 2) one's wife or husband and one's children 3) one's children, as distinguished from one's husband or wife 4) a group of persons related by blood; a group descended from a common ancestor Compare: extended family 5) all the persons living together in one household 6) any group of related things or beings, esp when scientifically categorized 7) biology any of the taxonomic groups into which an order is divided and which contains one or more genera. Felidae (cat family) and Canidae (dog family) are two families of the order Carnivora 8) ecology a group of organisms of the same species living together in a community 9) a group of historically related languages assumed to derive from one original language 10) chiefly an independent local group of the Mafia 11) mathematics a group of curves or surfaces whose equations differ from a given equation only in the values assigned to one or more constants in each curve a family of concentric circles 12) physics the isotopes, collectively, that comprise a radioactive series

nurture ['nərchər] 1. nur·ture [trans.] care for and encourage the growth or development of figurative my father nurtured my love of art ■ cherish (a hope, belief, or ambition) for a long time she had nurtured the dream of buying a shop 2. nur·ture the process of caring for and encouraging the growth or development of someone or something the nurture of ethics and integrity ■ upbringing, education, and environment, contrasted with inborn characteristics as an influence on or determinant of personality. Often contrasted with nature

related [rɪle͟ɪtɪd] 1) ADJ If two or more things are related, there is a connection between them. The philosophical problems of chance and of free will are closely related. ...equipment and accessories for diving and related activities. Syn: connected 2) ADJ, oft ADJ to People who are related belong to the same family. ...people in countries like Bangladesh who have been able to show they are related to a spouse or parent living in Britain. 3) oft ADJ to If you say that different types of animal or different languages are related, you mean that they have developed from the same type of animal or language.

relation [ri'lāshən] re·la·tion 1) the way in which two or more concepts, objects, or people are connected; a thing's effect on or relevance to another questions about the relation between writing and reality | the size of the targets bore no relation to their importance ■ relations the way in which two or more people, countries, or organizations feel about and behave toward each other the improvement in relations between the two countries | the meetings helped cement Anglo-American relations ■ relations chiefly formal sexual intercourse he wanted an excuse to abandon sexual relations with her 2) a person who is connected by blood or marriage; a kinsman or kinswoman she was no relation at all, but he called her Aunt Nora 3) the action of telling a story

relationship  1) with The relationship between two people or groups is the way in which they feel and behave towards each other. The Chinese President has said that China will maintain its traditional friendly relationship with Bangladesh... Money problems place great stress on close family relationships. 2) A relationship is a close friendship between two people, especially one involving romantic or sexual feelings.

relative ['rɛlətɪv] 1. 1) considered in relation or in proportion to something else the relative effectiveness of the various mechanisms is not known ■ existing or possessing a specified characteristic only in comparison to something else; not absolute she went down the steps into the relative darkness of the dining room | the firms are relative newcomers to computers 2) denoting a pronoun, determiner, or adverb that refers to an expressed or implied antecedent and attaches a subordinate clause to it, e.g. which, who ■ (of a clause) attached to an antecedent by a relative word 3) (of major and minor keys) having the same key signature 4) (of a service rank) corresponding in grade to another in a different service 2. 1) a person connected by blood or marriage much of my time is spent visiting relatives ■ a species related to another by common origin the plant is a relative of ivy 2) a relative pronoun, determiner, or adverb 3) a term or concept which is dependent on something else


Answer key

adopt 2
conflict 7
family 1
nurture 6
related 5
relation 8
relationship 3
relative 4

1 comment:

  1. Good information about English it is very useful for students

    approval Letter

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