ESL Vocabulary: musical instruments

ESL vocabulary in english: musical instruments
  1. acoustic guitar
  2. electric guitar
  3. bass guitar
  4. tambourin
  5. organ
  6. drumstick
  7. accordion
  8. agogo bells
  9. bagpipes
  10. banjo
  11. baritone
  12. bass drum
  13. bassoon
  14. bell lyre
  15. bongos
  16. bugle
  17. castanets
  18. celeste
  19. cello
  20. chimes
  21. clarinet
  22. claves
  23. conga
  24. cornet
  25. cowbell
  26. crash cymbal
  27. cymbal
  28. drum
  29. drum set
  30. electric guitar
  31. euphonium
  32. flugelhorn
  33. flute
  34. French horn
  35. glockenspiel
  36. gong
  37. grand piano
  38. guitar
  39. harmonica
  40. harp
  41. kettledrum
  42. lute
  43. mandolin
  44. maracas
  45. marimba
  46. oboe
  47. orchestra bells
  48. piano
  49. piccolo
  50. recorder
  51. ride cymbal
  52. saxophone
  53. scraper
  54. sizzle cymbal
  55. snare drum
  56. sousaphone
  57. splash cymbal
  58. steel drums
  59. tenor drum
  60. timbales
  61. timpani
  62. tom-tom
  63. triangle
  64. trombone
  65. trumpet
  66. tuba
  67. vibraphone
  68. violin
  69. xylophone

Musical instruments vocabulary

Musical instruments video

ESL Writing: Describing people in english

ESL Vocabulary  - describing people in english language:

  1. Height - tall, tallish, short, shortish, medium height,
  2. Build - frail, stocky, slim, thin, plump, fat, skinny, well-built, bony
  3. Age - young, elderly, middle-aged, teenager, in 20s, 30s, 40s
  4. Face - round, oval, square, with scares, wrinkles, freckles, sun-tanned, pale
  5. Eyes - big round blue eyes, large, small, bright, narrow, close-se
  6. Hair - bald, straight, curly, spiky, wavy, a ponytail, white, grey, blond, light/dark brown, red black, thick, rich, strong, healthy, shiny, damaged hair, split ends, pigtails, ponytail, braids, bun, dreads
  7. Clothes - casual, scruffy, shabby, smart, tidy, messy,elegant
  8. General - beautiful, pretty, handsome, sexy, cute, good lookin, lovely and charming
  9. Eyebrow - bushy , thick , thin eyebrow
  10. Nose - broad , flat, sharp, button, fake nose
  11. Lip - full, thin, well-defined lip
  12. Skin - wrinkles, freckles, pimples, smooth skin

Describing people in english

Describing people in english, places, and things

Compliments in english

ESL Writing: Useful phrases - Yours faithfully or Yours sincerely?

When the recipient's name is unknown to you:

Dear Sir ... Yours faithfully

Dear Madam ... Yours faithfully

Dear Sir or Madam ... Yours faithfully

When you know the recipient's name:

Dear Mr Smith ... Yours sincerely

Dear Mrs Smith ... Yours sincerely

Dear Miss Smith ... Yours sincerely

Dear Ms Smith ... Yours sincerely

When addressing a good friend or colleague:

Dear Tom ... Best wishes/Best regards

Addressing whole departments:

Dear Sirs ... Yours faithfully

ESL Writing: Useful phrase - formal letters in english

Writing business letters in english

Salutation conversation in english

Dear Mr Brown
Dear Ms White
Dear Sir
Dear Sirs
Dear Madam
Dear Sir or Madam

Starting business letters in english

We are writing to inform you that ...
to confirm ...
to request ...
to enquire about ...
I am contacting you for the following reason.
I recently read/heard about . . . and would like to know . . .
Having seen your advertisement in ... , I would like to ...
I would be interested in (obtaining/receiving) ...
I received your address from ... and would like to …
I am writing to tell you about …

Referring to previous contact  conversation in english

Thank you for your letter of March 15 ...
Thank you for contacting us.
In reply to your request ...
Thank you for your letter regarding ...
With reference to our telephone conversation yesterday ...
Further to our meeting last week ...
It was a pleasure meeting you in London last month.
I enjoyed having lunch with you last week in Tokyo.
I would just like to confirm the main points we discussed on Tuesday . . .

Making a request conversation in english

We would appreciate it if you would ...
I would be grateful if you could...
Could you please send me . . .
Could you possibly tell us/let us have...
In addition, I would like to receive ...
It would be helpful if you could send us ...
I am interested in (obtaining/receiving...)
I would appreciate your immediate attention to this matter.
Please let me know what action you propose to take.

Offering help conversation in english

We would be happy to ...
Would you like us to ...
We are quite willing to ...
Our company would be pleased to ..

Giving good news conversation in english

We are pleased to announce that ...
I am delighted to inform you that ...
You will be pleased to learn that …

Giving bad news conversation in english

We regret to inform you that ...
I'm afraid it would not be possible to ...
Unfortunately we cannot/we are unable to ...
After careful consideration we have decided (not) to …

Complaining conversation in english

I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with ...
I am writing to complain about ...
Please note that the goods we ordered on (date) have not yet arrived.
We regret to inform you that our order n°--- is now considerably overdue.
I would like to query the transport charges which seem unusually high.

Apologizing conversation in english

We are sorry for the delay in replying ...
I regret any inconvenience caused
I would like to apologize for (the delay/the inconvenience) ...
Once again, I apologise for any inconvenience.

Orders conversation in english

Thank you for your quotation of ...
We are pleased to place an order with your company for ...
We would like to cancel our order n°...
Please confirm receipt of our order.
I am pleased to acknowledge receipt of your order n°...
Your order will be processed as quickly as possible.
It will take about (three) weeks to process your order.
We can guarantee delivery before ...
Unfortunately these articles are no longer available/are out of stock.

Prices  conversation in english

Please send us your price list.
You will find enclosed our most recent catalogue and price list.
Please note that our prices are subject to change without notice.
We have pleasure in enclosing a detailed quotation.
We can make you a firm offer of ...
Our terms of payment are as follows :

Referring to payment conversation in english

Our records show that we have not yet received payment of ...
According to our records ...
Please send payment as soon as possible.
You will receive a credit note for the sum of ...

Enclosing documents conversation in english

I am enclosing ...
Please find enclosed ...
You will find enclosed ...

Closing remarks conversation in english

If we can be of any further assistance, please let us know
If I can help in any way, please do not hesitate to contact me
If you require more information ...
For further details ...
Thank you for taking this into consideration
Thank you for your help.
We hope you are happy with this arrangement.
We hope you can settle this matter to our satisfaction.

Referring to future business conversation in english

We look forward to a successful working relationship in the future
We would be (very) pleased to do business with your company.
I would be happy to have an opportunity to work with your firm.

Referring to future contact conversation in english

I look forward to seeing you ne xt week
Looking forward to hearing from you
" " to receiving your comments
I look forward to meeting you on the 15th
I would appreciate a reply at your earliest convenience.

Ending business letters in english

Sincerely, }
Yours sincerely, } (for all customers/clients)
Sincerely yours, }
Regards, (for those you already know and/or
with whom you already have a working relationship.)

linking words in english

In addition
As well as
Apart from
In addition to

Ideas are often linked by and. In a list, you put a comma between each item, but not before and.

"We discussed training, education and the budget."

Also is used to add an extra idea or emphasis. "We also spoke about marketing."

You can use also with not only to give emphasis.

"We are concerned not only by the costs, but also by the competition."

We don't usually start a sentence with also. If you want to start a sentence with a phrase that means also, you can use In addition, or In addition to this…

As well as can be used at the beginning or the middle of a sentence.

"As well as the costs, we are concerned by the competition."

"We are interested in costs as well as the competition."

Too goes either at the end of the sentence, or after the subject and means as well.

"They were concerned too."

"I, too, was concerned."

Apart from and besides are often used to mean as well as, or in addition to.

"Apart from Rover, we are the largest sports car manufacturer."

"Besides Rover, we are the largest sports car manufacturer."

Moreover and furthermore add extra information to the point you are making.

"Marketing plans give us an idea of the potential market. Moreover, they tell us about the competition."

Summarising in english

In short
In brief
In summary
To summarise
In a nutshell
To conclude
In conclusion

We normally use these words at the beginning of the sentence to give a summary of what we have said or written.

Sequencing ideas in english

The former, … the latter
Firstly, secondly, finally
The first point is
The following

The former and the latter are useful when you want to refer to one of two points.
"Marketing and finance are both covered in the course. The former is studied in the first term and the latter is studied in the final term."

Firstly, … secondly, … finally (or lastly) are useful ways to list ideas.

It's rare to use "fourthly", or "fifthly". Instead, try the first point, the second point, the third point and so on.

The following is a good way of starting a list.

"The following people have been chosen to go on the training course: N Peters, C Jones and A Owen."

Giving a reason in english

Due to / due to the fact that
Owing to / owing to the fact that
Because of

Due to and owing to must be followed by a noun.

"Due to the rise in oil prices, the inflation rate rose by 1.25%."

"Owing to the demand, we are unable to supply all items within 2 weeks."

If you want to follow these words with a clause (a subject, verb and object), you must follow the words with the fact that.

"Due to the fact that oil prices have risen, the inflation rate has gone up by 1%25."

"Owing to the fact that the workers have gone on strike, the company has been unable to fulfil all its orders."

Because / because of

Because of is followed by a noun.

"Because of bad weather, the football match was postponed."

Because can be used at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. For example, "Because it was raining, the match was postponed."

"We believe in incentive schemes, because we want our employees to be more productive."

Since / as

Since and as mean because.

"Since the company is expanding, we need to hire more staff."

"As the company is expanding, we need to hire more staff."

Giving a result in english language

This means that
As a result

Therefore, so, consequently and as a result are all used in a similar way.

"The company are expanding. Therefore / So / Consequently / As a result, they are taking on extra staff."

So is more informal.
Contrasting ideas

Although / even though
Despite / despite the fact that
In spite of / in spite of the fact that
In theory… in practice…

But is more informal than however. It is not normally used at the beginning of a sentence.

"He works hard, but he doesn't earn much."
"He works hard. However, he doesn't earn much."

Although, despite and in spite of introduce an idea of contrast. With these words, you must have two halves of a sentence.

"Although it was cold, she went out in shorts."
"In spite of the cold, she went out in shorts."

Despite and in spite of are used in the same way as due to and owing to. They must be followed by a noun. If you want to follow them with a noun and a verb, you must use the fact that.

"Despite the fact that the company was doing badly, they took on extra employees."

Nevertheless and nonetheless mean in spite of that or anyway.

"The sea was cold, but he went swimming nevertheless." (In spite of the fact that it was cold.)
"The company is doing well. Nonetheless, they aren't going to expand this year."

While, whereas and unlike are used to show how two things are different from each other.

"While my sister has blue eyes, mine are brown."

"Taxes have gone up, whereas social security contributions have gone down."

"Unlike in the UK, the USA has cheap petrol."

In theory… in practice… show an unexpected result.

"In theory, teachers should prepare for lessons, but in practice, they often don't have enough time."

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ESL Writing: Business letter - request information

Dear Name:
We have heard from the German Consulate in Chicago that you are a leading producer of self-adjusting, all-weather sunglasses in Germany. Since there seems to be a growing interest in and demand for such high-quality ambermatic sunglasses in the United States, we would like to know the frame styles that are now available for both men and women.
We are importers of optical products, including glasses, sunglasses, binoculars, and loupes.
Please, send us your illustrated catalog, export price list, and terms of business. As a rule our domestic and international suppliers allow us to settle by monthly statements. We can supply you, of course, with business and bank references. We look forward to your reply.

ESL Writing: Business letter - request

Dear Name:
A business associate of ours, Berend Kasius of the Hilbers Company in Albany, New York, mentioned your name and showed us
your company's brochure. We own and operate six medium-sized hotels in the Moscow area and are looking for a reliable fire
prevention/sprinkler system for these properties. Could you mail us your latest sales catalogue and price list? Thank you very

ESL Writing: Business letter - request

Dear Sir/Madam:
When we attended the International Electronics Trade Fair in London last month, we visited your stand and saw a very interesting demonstration of your automatic high-security garage doors. The ability to drive straight in and out of your garage from the comfort of your car, as well as your emphasis on theft protection, appealed to us. We believe that there is a ready
market for this in the United States.
Our company is a wholly owned subsidiary of the international Zetax Corporation, well-known in the security and theft prevention industry.
Would you please send us your current sales literature and price list? Of course, we will be glad to provide the usual credit and trade references if we decide to order from your company.
Sincerely yours,


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ESL Writing: Informal letter

Asking about them, thanking for the letter

…Hi! How are things? /… How are you (and your family)?
How’s it going?
How was (your holiday)?
How were your exams/…?
How are things with you? How’s your new job going?
Have you (finished your dissertation yet)?

…I hope you are well/ everything is okay.
…I bet you (did / have/ passed them all)!

Thank you for your letter.
Many thanks for your (last) letter – it was really nice/great
… hear from you again
… get your letter and hear all your news, especially (the part about you and your parents coming to visit in Spain)
… hear that you won the (short story) competition

Apologising for not writing sooner and saying why this was not possible (explain why, say what you’ve been doing recently)

…It’s been such a long time since we wrote to each other.
…It’s been a while since I last wrote to you. Sorry – I’ve been…
…(I’m)(really) sorry
……… I didn’t write back earlier (but…)
………( I haven’t written for so long/ for ages, but…
……… I haven’t kept in touch, but…
…………….but I’ve been up to my ears in work
……………but I’ve been really busy (preparing /studying for my exams // with rehearsals for the play
………….....but things at work (and home) have been really busy lately
……..…....but unfortunately both of us / I had really bad flu.

I thought I’d better write and let you know that…

Referring to their news

…Great news about…
...Glad to hear that…
…It’s really good news that (you’ve passed your driving test! Congratulations!)
...Sorry to hear about…

Giving news and introducing new points
(start a NEW paragraph for each main point you want to make)

…Listen, did I tell you…?
…Oh, and another thing.
…By the way, you’ll never guess/believe
(who I bumped into the other day).

…(Do) You remember I told you in my last letter (that I was going to…)
…Let me tell you about
…Guess what?
…Anyway, you asked me to tell you (all the family news)
…The big news is that (Bob got divorced).Can you believe it?
…One piece of sad news – you’ll be sorry to hear
that (our lovely old cat passed away at Christmas)
…One last thing.

I can’t believe…( I can’t believe I’ve been here in England for two weeks already.)
...So far, I’ve…( So far, I’ve been to visit lots of places of interest here, including…

Making suggestions

Why don’t you…?
Maybe you could…
How about…?


Closing expressions (1)
(Give a reason for ending your letter)

Once again ,( thanks very much for all your help)
(Well, / Anyway, ) …

…I’ve covered just about everything now, I think.
…That’s (about) all for now. Got to go.
…That’s about all my news.

…got to go now (as I’ve got another rehearsal in a few minutes).
…I must go (& pack my suitcase)- I’ll write again soon)
…I’d better stop/go now (& get on with my studying)
… I’m running out of room =места не хватает,
so (I’d better say goodbye for now).

Closing expressions (2)
(Mention the next time you will see the person
you are writing to, say when you hope to see/contact your friend)

Give my love/regards to (your family/ to Ben)
Say hello to…
Everybody sends their love to…
We all miss you (too)

…Write (back) /drop me a line soon (and tell me all your news).
…I hope (things are getting easier now) and)
you find time to drop me a line (with your news/..).
…I’d love to hear from you.

…(I’m) (really) looking forward to seeing you soon (in July/on…)
…See you soon!
…Can’t wait to see you (in the summer).

Signing off
Love, Lots of love, All my love, With love,
All the best
Take care,
Much love,...
Thinking of you,

your FIRST NAME (!!!)